Venus differs from the other planets of the solar system in that it rotates in the opposite direction of other planets, and it takes a total of 243 Earth days to complete a rotation. One Venusian year is shorter than one Venusian day, lasting only 225 Earth days.
The toxic Venusian atmosphere is composed of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and sulfuric acid. The landforms on the Venusian surface are extremely volatile, hosting deformed mountains, volcanoes and extreme air pressure. The heat on the surface of Venus destroys any probes that land in a matter of hours. Venus is not considered hospitable to life.
Venus is the brightest planet in the night sky due to the atmosphere's reflective properties. While Venus is not the closest planet to the sun, it is the hottest planet in the solar system. Venus is a terrestrial planet, meaning the surface of the planet is hard, unlike gaseous planets. Probes have detected lightning and electrical storms in the Venusian atmosphere.
Other than its hostile characteristics, Venus actually shares several characteristics with Earth. The two planets are similar in density, size and composition. Earth and Venus also share a similar gravitational pull. Venus is named after the goddess of love and beauty in Roman mythology.