Soil erosion, or degradation, is prevented using erosion control methods. The types of control methods used vary depending on several factors, such as the depth and severity of soil erosion that has occurred on a property. In addition to preventing further degradation, minimizing soil erosion keeps soil and dirt strong, which in turn maximizes plant, crop and flower growth.
One of the simplest and most effective ways of reducing soil degradation requires planting vegetation. According to Landscape Planet, one of the most common ways to reduce or eliminate soil erosion on household properties is to landscape gardens and lawns. To do so, homeowners should plant trees, flowers and crops over affected soil. These items will grow into the soil, and make it stronger by fortifying and stabilizing surface and subsurface levels with strong and sturdy root structures. These roots also absorb excess water that accumulates on soil, which prevents it from washing away. Plants also serve as protective shields by reducing the impacts of natural events such as heavy rains, high winds, and excess wear, which can reduce the quality of soil. Matting, which involves laying mats of environmentally sound materials across affected areas, is also helpful as is fortifying land with mulch and fertilizer. Lastly, many homeowners add retaining walls and edges to reduce soil degradation.