The skin excretes sweat and dead cells from the body, according to the Franklin Institute. Sweating and dead cell excretion through the skin is a function of the integumentary system, which supports the excretory system.Continue Reading
Sudoriferous glands, also known as sweat glands, are located in the dermis layer of the skin, notes InnerBody. The skin contains two types of sweat glands: eccrine and apocrine. Both types of glands remove liquids from the body and help regulate body temperature. Eccrine glands are found all over the body and secrete a mix of sodium chloride and water. Apocrine glands are located in the armpits and pubic areas, and they do not become active until puberty. These glands use hair follicles growing out of skin to excrete an oily liquid that also creates body odor.
Though both types of sudoriferous glands excrete liquids, the eccrine glands are primarily responsible for excreting wastes through the skin, according to InnerBody. In addition to excess water, the eccrine glands excrete electrolytes and chemicals, such as sodium, chloride, magnesium, potassium and calcium. Sweat also excretes some metabolic wastes that the body must expel, such as urea and bodily acids.
The eccrine glands can excrete alcohol through the skin after a person has been drinking, states InnerBody. Alcohol causes blood vessels to expand and causes an increase in blood near the sweat glands. The glands absorb the excess alcohol and process it out of the body as sweat.Learn more about Human Anatomy
The main way the endocrine system affects the excretory system is in controlling the amount of water released with urine. The endocrine system releases a series of hormones to cause the kidneys to resorb water from the urine when blood water levels are low.Full Answer >
The four appendages of the skin include sebaceous or oil glands, sweat or sudoriferous glands, hair, and nails. The appendages reside in the dermis and are generated in the epidermis.Full Answer >
According to the Mayo Clinic, body odor is the result of sweat combined with bacteria on the skin. Mayo Clinic explains that the eccrine glands emit sweat when the body overheats, and this sweat evaporates and cools the skin without an odor. The apocrine glands emit a milky substance when the body is under physical or emotional stress; once combined with bacteria, it produces an odor.Full Answer >
It is not possible to stop sweating completely, but you can take steps to reduce sweat and body odor. Use an antiperspirant on your underarms instead of deodorant, apply baking soda to other sweat-producing areas of the body, and use an absorbent powder designed for the genital area.Full Answer >