Six intensive properties of matter are its color, luster, odor, density, boiling point and conductivity. Malleability, melting point, freezing point, ductility and hardness are also intensive properties of matter. Some extensive properties of matter include its length, mass, volume and weight.Continue Reading
An intensive property of matter is a characteristic of a particular substance that is independent of how much of the substance is available at any given time. For instance, the color of plain water remains constant regardless of whether there is 1 gallon or 4 gallons of water in a container. The density of a substance is also an intensive property because it is a measurement of how much mass of a substance there is per unit of its volume. At 10 degrees Celsius, the density of water is about 999.70 kg/m^3. Thus, there are about 999.70 kilograms of water per cubic meter of water available at all times, as long as the temperature of the water remains at 10 degrees Celsius.
Extensive properties, unlike intensive properties, are dependent on the quantity of the matter. As more of a substance is added to a sample, its weight grows larger even though many other properties of the substance remain the same. Conversely, as some of the matter is removed, the weight decreases.Learn more about States of Matter
Melting point, boiling point and thermal conductivity are examples of characteristic properties. Characteristic properties of matter are inherent properties that are unique and identifying under specific conditions.Full Answer >
The density of water increases as the temperature decreases, but only until approximately 4 degrees Celsius, where density starts to decrease at any point lower than that. When water freezes, turning into ice, it has a density lower than liquid water, which allows it to float. Ice cubes float on a glass of water like an iceberg floats on the ocean.Full Answer >
To identify a rock, it is necessary to consider its luster, color, hardness, cleavage and density. The geographical location of the rock should also be used to help identify it.Full Answer >
Minerals share the common physical traits of color, streak, density, hardness, luster, cleavage, fracture, tenacity and crystal habit. These properties vary widely among minerals and, in fact, serve as primary tools for giving minerals their unique individual qualities. However, this group of characteristics enables minerals to be classified as such.Full Answer >