A basic earthquake survival kit should contain enough food, water and medical supplies for at least three days. Communication devices and batteries would also be required to allow access to news during an emergency.
A basic supply kit should contain enough food and water for everyone in the home. The CDC recommends 1 gallon of water per person per day and a supply of non-perishable food that can be eaten without cooking. Crackers, peanut butter and canned fruit are examples of items that can be eaten with little or no preparation. A can opener and dry pet food, where appropriate, should also be stored with the emergency food supplies. Rotate food supplies every season to ensure they do not expire before being consumed.
Hydrogen peroxide, rubbing alcohol, a variety of bandages and over-the-counter fever reducers are staple supplies for an emergency first-aid kit. Diapers, wipes and other baby supplies, such as formula and extra bottles, are also necessary emergency supplies for families with infants. It may be useful to keep a tent with other supplies to provide emergency shelter after an earthquake.
Extra clothing, blankets, flashlights, spare batteries and a battery-operated or wind-up radio are essential supplies. A utility knife, candles and waterproof matches are also useful supplies that are often required in an emergency.