The shape of a cell dictates the function of that cell. This is more pertinent to animal cells that, unlike plant cells, do not have a rigid cell wall. A misshapen cell cannot properly perform its intended function.Continue Reading
Cells are the essential building blocks of all living things. Neurons are a prime example of a cell with a specific shape that perform a single but vital function. They are long and thin with many branches. They have a very distinctive appearance with a long, trailing axon with branches at the end and a neuron surrounded by branching dendrites. Their function is to carry electrical signals to and from the body and the brain.
Size as well as shape plays a crucial role in cell function. A cell must be big enough to contain all the essentials, which include DNA strands, protein, and survival and reproductive structures. However, the cell must be small enough to have a large enough surface area in relation to volume to absorb enough nutrients to support its functions and to dispose of waste products. Larger cells have a larger surface area. However, large cells have less surface area in relation to volume than their smaller counterparts.Learn more about Cells
Dr. William H. Heidcamp, a professor in the Biology Department at Gustavus Adolphus College, explains that cell differentiation occurs when the structure and function of cells change within a certain period. The formation of the three germ tissues of embryos, which are the endoderm, ectoderm and mesoderm, is a classical approach to the basic process of cellular differentiation.Full Answer >
Egg cells have adaptations in formation, structure and genetic makeup that enable them to function. Egg cells have similar genetic composition to sperm, but their physical structure and initial formation are unique.Full Answer >
Cytoplasm's main function within a cell is to act as the medium of suspension for its internal structures. These internal structures are called organelles and perform important functions like cellular respiration. The organelles themselves are not naturally buoyant, so protein filaments aid in keeping them afloat throughout the cell.Full Answer >
Cell biology is the study of cell structure and function, based on the concept that the cell is the basic unit of life. Understanding cells permits a detailed understanding of the tissues and organisms that cells make up.Full Answer >