The scientific name for humans is Homo sapiens. It is thought that this species of human descended from Homo heidelbergensis. It is a myth that Homo sapiens descended from Neanderthals, who also share ancestry with Homo heidelbergensis.
Homo sapiens have several characteristics that distinguish them from more ancient humans. These traits include skulls that are rounded and brow ridges that protrude less. They have delicate skeletons. They lack the occipital buns that Neanderthal skulls have. They also posses high foreheads, pointed chins and smaller faces than Neanderthals. It is suggested that Homo sapiens first began to evolve approximately 200,000 years ago.