There are many species of bamboo, and their scientific names include phyllostachys, bambusa, chusquea, borinda, fargesia and himalayacalmus. Other species are brachystachyum, chimonobambusa, dendrocalamus and schizostachyum.
Most types of true bamboo are native to Southeast Asia. Other areas with large quantities of bamboo include Latin America, Oceania and Africa. North American gardeners should know that bamboo grows best in hardiness zones four through 10.
The plant that's called "lucky bamboo" isn't a bamboo at all but a type of dracaena. Nandina, though it's called heavenly bamboo, isn't a bamboo either. It's an evergreen shrub that belongs to the Berberidaceae family. Bamboo is a type of grass that spreads through rhizomes.