One example of a science project involving insulation is to measure the effects of an insulating container on the transmission of heat from a warm beverage. The comparison involves measuring temperatures at which people could comfortably pick up a cup of that beverage, using cups made of different materials.
The researcher could collect four cups made of different materials: glass, plastic, styrofoam and paper. The next step is to pour a hot beverage from a container with a consistent temperature into the four cups and survey respondents about their comfort or pain level when picking up the different cups with their bare hands. Conducting the survey with beverages at different temperatures could help identify the points at which the different cups are comfortable enough to pick up.