Science affects the lives of all humanity on a daily basis through inventions, progress and improved technology. Some of the most important scientific breakthroughs include the invention of plastic, electricity, agricultural expansion and modern medicine, according to the University of California at Berkeley.
The discovery of electricity and the corresponding technological advances changed the way the world communicates, works and plays. Without electricity, there would be no telephones, Internet, electric lights, televisions, automated production or robotics.
Like electricity, plastic changes the way the world works. Everything from mass-production to computer technology to military advances relies on plastic. Plastic is strong yet flexible, and more importantly, it is easy to produce in large quantities for a cheap price.
Agriculture is one of the earliest scientific breakthroughs of humanity, and it continues to have important developments today. Without agriculture, humans do not have the ability to settle or develop civilization. In more recent times, genetic engineering, fertilizers and pesticides provide farmers with the ability to feed many more people with less land and at lesser cost.
Perhaps the discovery which most greatly affects human life is that of modern medicine. Understanding the gene theory of bacterial infection allows doctors to apply antibiotics and perform safe surgeries. Additional advances include the eradication of smallpox and a greater understanding of nutrition.