The primary producers of savannas are grasses and scattered trees and shrubs. Producers are organisms in a food chain that produce their own energy and nutrients rather that feeding on other organisms.
African savannas account for 46 percent of the continent's area and include acacias, baobabs and jackalberry. Other producers found in savannas include pines, palms and oaks. Savannas are subject to long periods of drought and frequent fires, which keep the grasses from being replaced by woody plants. Plants native to savannas adapt to their environment with long tap roots, thick bark and trunks that can store water and deciduous leaves.