In Roman mythology, Saturn is closely linked to the Greek god Cronus, whose role in the family tree of the Greek deities is also credited to Saturn. Writings as early as the 3rd century BC list Jupiter as Saturn's son. According to the "Golden Age" that Hesiod wrote about, the myths state that when Saturn was in power, people were able to enjoy the earth's plenty without any labor in a society that was completely egalitarian.Continue Reading
Varro writes that Saturn's name comes from the word for sowing, which is "satu." This seems a bit archaic at first, until one considers that sowing was originally a feature of the first gods and goddesses. Other possibilities for the etymology of Saturn's name include a connection with Satre, an Etruscan deity, as well as places that were important at the time, such as the ancient Latium town of Satria, an old village in Latium.
Saturn has a temple at the base of the Capitoline Hill that dates back to its consecration in 497 BC. Followers made sacrifices to Saturn using the "Greek rite," keeping the head uncovered, because the rite is carried out to a god who has a covering. Saturn was the only Roman god who was worshipped with an uncovered head.Learn more about Planets
There was no single cause or event which led to the downfall of the Roman Republic; social and political instability, rapid expansion, and corruption among the rich and powerful all played a role. Historians traditionally consider that the Republic began in 509 B.C. with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom and that it ended in 27 B.C. with the establishment of the Roman Empire at the hands of Augustus.Full Answer >
According to the "Iliad" of Homer, when the three sons of Cronus and Rhea divided up the world by lot, Zeus became the god of the sky, Hades became the god of the underworld, and Poseidon became the god of the sea. In Greek mythology, Poseidon was not only the god of the sea and water, but also of earthquakes and horses.Full Answer >
The word "planet" in Greek means "wanderer." Planets were thought to be moving against the still background of stars. The planets move, or revolve, around the sun in relatively fixed orbits.Full Answer >
The discovery of Saturn dates back to prehistoric times, as it is visible with the naked eye. It is prominent throughout ancient Babylonian, Greek and Roman mythologies. The European astronomer Galileo was the first to discover Saturn's rings in 1610.Full Answer >