Saline solution treats nasal passages that are irritated by allergies or colds, notes Drugs.com. Dr. Anne Marie Helmenstine for About.com reports that a saline solution can also be used as a mouthwash and to disinfect piercings or other wounds.Continue Reading
WebMD notes that a saline solution dissolves mucus accumulation in the throat. A saline application also reduces the amount of crust that forms in the sinus cavities. Studies show that a saline solution lowers inflammation to the mucus membranes. Regular use of the solution may also cleanse the nasal passages of bacteria and reduce chances of postnasal drip.
WebMD adds that saline spray and rinses can remove pollen from the nasal lining and are a good source of moisture during the dry winter. A nasal steroid spray is a suitable option for treating allergies, but doctors recommend using a regular nasal spray to rid the passages of bacteria and other debris before applying more powerful solutions. Saline nasal solutions also maintain the cilia, which are hairs in the nose that add humidity to the lungs and prevent bacteria from penetrating the cells. Saline sprays may also treat sinusitis and rhinitis if the cilia are kept healthy.
Helmenstine mentions that a saline solution can also be used for sterile rinsing. Salt should be placed in warm water if it is going to be used as a mouthwash, and baking soda can be added to the mixture.Learn more about Solutions & Mixtures
Cetirizine hydrochloride, or cetirizine hcl, is an antihistamine used to treat symptoms associated with allergies and the common cold, such as sneezing, runny nose, itching and watery eyes, according to Drugs.com. The most common brand name for cetirizine is Zyrtec, which can be purchased over the counter at drug stores.Full Answer >
Saline solution is not inherently sterile, but most commercial preparations are designed to be sterile. Saline solutions, as defined by About.com, are any water-based mixtures that contain salt, so even non-sterile mixes that contain salt are, technically, saline solutions.Full Answer >
Iodine solution turns blue-black when mixed with any substance containing starch, such as potato, bread, crackers and flour. When iodine reacts with starch, it is trapped in the starch's helical structure forming a blue-black precipitate.Full Answer >
Iodine solution is made by mixing iodine into a mixture of potassium iodide; this mixture is commonly used to check for starch. Iodine solution is also known as povidone and is used to kill bacteria and treat infections and mild cuts.Full Answer >