Multipurpose river valley projects reduce the threat of seasonal floods and bolster local economies. The projects aim to integrate agricultural development with the local economy through rapid industrialization and growth. The goals include soil conservation, flood control and the development of the area’s industries, transportation and irrigation facilities.
Multipurpose river valley projects revolve around developing irrigation for agriculture and electricity for industries through the construction of dams. In addition to impounding river water, the dams provide water for irrigation to towns, improve navigation, create habitats for fish and wildlife and generate hydroelectric power for industrial purposes.
Initially, dams were built only for storing rain water to prevent flooding. However, several positive side effects arose including the development of transportation facilities, the possibility of planting new forests and the creation of hydroelectric power. The projects are essential for villages or small towns to attain economic self-sufficiency and improve the standard of living for citizens.
Although these projects yield an assortment of environmental and economic benefits, the construction of massive dams also pose numerous problems for small towns and villages. Problems include the displacement of villagers from fertile land, the destruction of natural habitats and disputes concerning the costs and benefits of the projects.