The result from the National Geographic Genographic Project 2.0 for participants is the identification of their maternal deep ancestry. Male participants also receive an analysis of their paternal deep ancestry.
Using a simple swab of the inside of a person's cheek, the Genographic Project 2.0 kit analyzes thousands of genetic markers contained in the DNA from the swab. The test also examines over 700,000 other ancestry-related markers to reveal the individual's regional affiliations. These affiliations provide the migration paths of the participant's ancestors and the percentage of the participant's genome that is affiliated with each region of the world. Participants learn where their earliest ancestors lived and these ancestors' migration paths around the world over tens of thousands of years.
To participate in the Genographic Project 2.0, individuals can purchase a kit on the project's website. That kit includes the cheek swab and instructions for administering the test and mailing the results to the test center. All participants must also complete a consent form for the genetic testing. The Project posts individual results online; each participant receives an email with an identification code to access those results.
Each participant's results, which can take several weeks to receive, become part of the project database. Project scientists and researchers are using this knowledge bank to map the course of early human history. As more people participate in the Project, scientists discover details about early human history. Those discoveries can lead to new insights that affect or change a participant's ancestral journey.