Responsibilities of the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation center around the management of fish and wildlife resources in the state. These tasks include protecting game species, regulating hunting and fishing, carrying out scientific research, helping land owners manage wildlife habitats and providing conservation education for schools and the general public.
As much of Oklahoma's land is under private ownership, the ODWC seeks to partner with private land owners in order to facilitate the natural health of ecosystems and wildlife on their land. Some of the programs available from the ODWC for the benefit of landowners are the Deer Management Assistance Program, Farm Pond Fish Stocking, Lesser Prairie Chicken Initiative, Managing Resident Canada Geese and the Quail Enhancement Program.
The ODWC also runs several Wildlife Management Areas within the state that allow for the direct management of fish and wildlife resources. These properties are sometimes open to hunting and other outdoor activity.
The ODWC also participates in education programs to raise citizen awareness of issues of conservation and wildlife management. As of 2015, programs available through or supported by the ODWC include the Oklahoma National Archery in the Schools Program, the Aquatic Resources Education Program, Hunter Education and the Explore Bowhunting curriculum.