A resistive transducer works by changing its level of electrical resistance depending on the condition of another object or process, allowing any changes to be detected without direct observation of the condition or object. There are many types of resistive transducers, from those that measure movement to those that measure temperature, strain, pressure or some other quantity. They have a wide variety of structures to accomplish these goals.Continue Reading
All resistive tranducers rely on measuring the resistance to electrical currents. The variations in this resistance can indicate many different events. One simple type is the sliding contact transducer. One end of this transducer is fixed. A slider is attached to a moving object and moves along the transducer. A current is passed through, and the resistance in the transducer to the current grows the further away from the fixed end the object moves.
Thermistors are another type of resistive transducer that measures temperature. They usually rely on certain semiconductive ceramics, such as metal oxides. The electrical resistance of these materials varies depending on temperature. The resistance is easily detected and can indicate the temperature of the semiconductor. The thermocouple, a resistive transducer that uses two dissimilar materials placed end to end, is another type of temperature sensor.Learn more about Motion & Mechanics
The upward force acting upon a falling object is called air resistance, according to Georgia State University. Often referred to as drag in aerodynamics, air resistance works in the opposite direction from which an object is moving.Full Answer >
Since friction opposes movement, it causes resistance that makes it harder for a sliding object to move, thus slowing down movement. Friction can be seen through the example of a car making a stop; the wheels and breaks cause friction, making the car slow down. In addition to affecting solid objects, friction also causes resistance with glass and liquids by causing a collision that results in heat.Full Answer >
Air resistance is caused by friction between a moving object and the air molecules surrounding it. The energy required to push these molecules out of the way diminishes the object's kinetic energy and correspondingly reduces its velocity.Full Answer >
Wind resistance, a type of friction also known as drag, is the relative opposing force imparted on an object as it moves against still air. The wind resistance on an object depends on the square of its velocity, so as the object accelerates, its velocity and wind resistance increase.Full Answer >