The BBC describes a reflex arc as the nerve pathway through which neural impulses travel to cause a quick autonomic response known as a reflex. Reflexes are not something people think about, rather, they are impulsive reactions to stimuli.Know More
An example illustrated by class notes from Rutgers University explains that when a person touches a flame or hot surface with his hand, his immediate reaction is to remove his hand from the heat to prevent getting burned. This decision, or reflex, is not a conscious one. In general, there are five parts of a reflex: receptor, the sense organ, such as skin muscle or another organ; sensory neuron, which is in charge of carrying the neural message to the central nervous system; interneuron, which carries the message within the central nervous system; motor neuron, which carries the impulse away from the central nervous system; and effector, the structure that reacts and exhibits a response.
According to Rutgers University, the reflex response can be more involved. For example, if a person steps on a sharp object, the reflex is to lift his foot off the object. There is also the stabilization of the other leg as he lifts his foot off the ground. This means this type of reflex response involves some consciousness.Learn more about Nerves
The Babinski reflex is a somatic reflex seen in infants. When the side of the foot is stroked, the toes spread apart. Another example of a somatic reflex is the ankle-jerk reflex, which causes the ankle to bend the foot towards the ground when the Achilles tendon is tapped.Full Answer >
Sensory neurons receive impulses and carry messages from the sense organs to the brain. Once the brain receives this information, it sends new information to the motor nerves to tell them what actions to perform.Full Answer >
According to The Free Dictionary, association neurons, also known as interneurons and internuncial neurons, are neurons located in the spinal cord and the brain that conduct impulses between other neurons. They send impulses from sensory neurons and to motor neurons.Full Answer >
The function of the myelin sheath is to facilitate the conduction of electrical impulses through the nerve cells. The myelin sheath is made out of a modified plasma membrane that is wrapped around the nerve axon in a spiral pattern.Full Answer >