What Is the Reactant Called in an Enzyme-Catalyzed Reaction?


Quick Answer

In an enzyme-catalyzed reaction, the reactant is called the substrate. The substrate finds and bonds to the active site of the enzyme, and it then forms an enzyme-substrate complex.

Continue Reading
Related Videos

Full Answer

When an enzyme catalyzes a chemical reaction, the enzyme helps the reaction take place and often speeds up the rate of reaction. The active site of an enzyme is a specific area that the substrate fits into. When the substrate fits into the active site and forms the enzyme-substrate complex, the substrate molecules are oriented and bonds are weakened. This catalyzes the reaction because new bonds are then able to form more easily.

Learn more about Biology

Related Questions