Nuclear energy generates electricity more efficiently than other energy sources such as coal, according to About.com. Nuclear power plants are not heavy polluters in the same manner as coal or oil.
The Nuclear Energy Institute notes that nuclear energy does not emit air pollution and has minimal impact on the environment. Nuclear stations do not generate greenhouse gas emissions, and the life-cycle emissions of nuclear energy are on par with wind, solar and hydrogen power sources. Nuclear waste is isolated and stored on land that does not take up much space. Many government officials see nuclear energy as a practical way of meeting growing energy demand while providing clean electricity. Nuclear energy is an alternative method of supplying clean and lasting energy to the transportation sector.
Millions of tons of oil or coal produce the same amount of electricity as one ton of uranium. Uranium is widely disbursed throughout the world, which makes it an abundant source that can be mined without fear of political or economic turmoil in the same way as oil. The United States, Australia and Canada are stable countries that provide steady supplies of uranium.
There are also economic benefits of nuclear energy, including job opportunities and taxes to state and local economies. Construction suppliers can satisfy demand by supplying steel, concrete and other items needed to construct nuclear power plants. Manufacturers can benefit by providing a variety of components for nuclear facilities.