What Are Properties in Science?

Trondheim Havn/CC-BY-SA 2.0

In chemistry, the term “property” is frequently used to describe the attributes of a substance, such as density, oxidation, state of matter, mass, conductivity, color, bonding and many other traits. These properties are used to understand how a substance behaves in different situations.

For example, physical properties ascribed to oxygen include its state of matter as a gas at most temperatures, its melting point of minus 361.82 degrees Fahrenheit, its boiling point of minus 297.33 degrees Fahrenheit, its four different oxidation states and its molar heat capacity. More basic properties may include the gold coloring of the metal gold or the squishy texture of the inside of a banana.