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What are the properties of matter?

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Quick Answer

The properties of matter include an object's density, color, mass, volume, length, malleability and ability to change its chemical composition, according to the University of California, Davis. Scientists define matter as any object that contains molecules and is capable of taking up space.

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One important distinction scientists make in the properties of matter is between an intensive property and an extensive property. They define an intensive property as any characteristic that remains stable despite the size of the object. For example, the color yellow is an intensive property of matter for bananas. No matter what size the banana grows to be, the object is still going to be yellow. Another example of an intensive property of matter is an object's luster. An object's shininess does not change with its size or shape. Malleability, whether an object is capable of being flattened, qualifies as an intensive property as well.

One of the most obvious examples of an extensive property of matter is an object's volume. If the size of an object changes, it's volume is going to change also. Another example of an extensive property of matter is length. If an object becomes longer or shorter, its length increases or decreases.

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  • Q:

    What are six properties of matter?

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    Six intensive properties of matter are its color, luster, odor, density, boiling point and conductivity. Malleability, melting point, freezing point, ductility and hardness are also intensive properties of matter. Some extensive properties of matter include its length, mass, volume and weight.

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  • Q:

    What is the relationship between mass and density?

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    Density and mass are mutually dependent physical properties, with density being equal to the amount of mass per unit of volume of any particular object or substance. The mass of any object depends entirely on its overall density, with denser objects having greater mass, for the same volume, than less-dense objects. The mass of an object with uniform composition changes if pieces are added or removed, but its density remains constant. Meanwhile, barring any melting or evaporation, the density of an object tends to change with changes in temperature, while the mass remains the same.

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  • Q:

    What are five physical properties of matter?

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    According to Elmhurst University, the five physical properties of matter are color, odor, shape, mass and texture. Other physical properties of matter relate to its freezing and boiling points, density and solubility.

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  • Q:

    What are physical properties of matter?

    A:

    The physical properties of matter are quantifiable and observable traits of the material that can be measured, without changing the composition of the matter. Appearance, texture, color and odor are examples of matter physical properties.

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