Properties of magnesium include its atomic number of 12, atomic mass of 24.30 grams per mole and a density of 1.74 grams per cubic centimeter. It has a boiling point of 1,994 degrees Fahrenheit and a melting point of 1,202 degrees Fahrenheit.
Magnesium is a solid with silvery white coloring. It is part of the alkaline earth metal family of elements. When burned, the highly flammable magnesium produces a white flame. It also reacts when combined with water, making magnesium fires difficult to extinguish. Compounds containing magnesium are typically white and crystalline in appearance. Magnesium is one of the most commonly found elements in the Earth's crust.