Gamma rays have the shortest wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum, followed by X-rays and ultraviolet rays. Slightly longer wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation, between 4000 and 7000 angstroms in length, are visible to human eyes. Infrared rays have wavelengths over 7000 angstroms, while microwave waves are even longer. Radio waves, with the longest wavelengths of all, are at least 1 billion angstroms long, equal to about 4 inches in length.Know More
Frequency and wavelength are inversely proportional to each other. For example, radio waves have very long wavelengths but very low frequency. By contrast, gamma rays have very short wavelengths but very high frequency. The differences in the wavelengths and frequencies of the different types of waves are important to the properties of the energy. For example, astronomers use infrared light to see through clouds when visible light does not work. Some animals, such as bees and birds of prey, can see ultraviolet light, which helps them to see things that are invisible to humans.
The properties of some types of waves vary within their portion of the spectrum. For example, ultraviolet radiation at the low end of the frequency range is usually harmless, but ultraviolet radiation at the very high end of the frequency range is destructive to living creatures.Learn more about Optics & Waves
Gamma rays are dangerous because they cause cellular damage that leads to DNA damage, cancer and radiation sickness. Because gamma rays are such a high-intensity, ionizing form of radiation, they pass through normal protections, such as skin, clothing, foil and goggles. Only high-mass shielding, such as lead, can stop them.Full Answer >
Electromagnetic radiation between 8*10^14 to 3*10^16 Hz (800 THz to 30 PHz) and wavelengths from 10^-8 m to 3.8*10^-7 m (10 nm to 380 nm) are ultraviolet rays. The frequency of waves is inversely proportional to their wavelengths.Full Answer >
Some properties of radio waves, which are a type of electromagnetic radiation, are that they have the longest wavelengths and the shortest frequencies on the electromagnetic spectrum, The wavelengths of radio waves are greater than 4 inches. Radio waves also can be subdivided into different groups that include long- and short-radio waves.Full Answer >
Radio waves make up the part of the electromagnetic spectrum with the longest wavelengths. Radio waves are used in radio and television broadcasts, satellite transmissions and cell phone signals. Astronomical objects give off radio waves which can be detected by radio telescopes.Full Answer >