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What are the products of meiosis?

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Quick Answer

Meiosis is a cell division process that occurs twice to produce four haploid daughter cells, according to Biology4Kids. Meiosis I occurs first and creates two daughter cells, and then meiosis II begins and creates two more daughter cells.

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Meiosis is a cell division process that occurs when an organism is ready to reproduce, states Biology4Kids. The steps of meiosis are similar to the steps of mitosis, another type of cell division that occurs during growth and development of an organism. Meiosis begins with meiosis I. During this process, the cell undergoes prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and interphase and creates two haploid daughter cells. Haploid cells contain only half of the number of chromosomes an organism needs to survive.

During meiosis I, crossing over occurs within the DNA. Crossing over allows genes to cross over to other chromosomes and mix themselves up, explains Biology4Kids. It is a process that adds diversity and variability to the gene pool of the organism. During meiosis II, the cells from meiosis I undergo prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. After telophase of meiosis II, the cells begin to pinch inward and separate. At the end of meiosis II, there are four haploid cells known as gametes.

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  • Q:

    What is the purpose of meiosis?

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    Meiosis is the process of cell division that creates offspring in sexually reproducing organisms, explains a University of Illinois at Chicago website. Unlike during mitosis, meiotic cell division starts with double the number of chromosomes in diploid parent cells. Meiosis cuts this number in half forming two haploid daughter cells. When these daughter cells combine and undergo fertilization, a zygote is created and the cell begins to develop.

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  • Q:

    What happens during meiosis?

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    During meiosis, a cell divides into four daughter cells called gametes that are used during sexual reproduction. A cell grows larger during interphase, then goes through multiple other steps, such as prophase and metaphase, before finally dividing into four gametes.

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  • Q:

    When does meiosis occur in humans?

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    Meiosis in humans happens before birth in females, and constantly after puberty in males. Meiosis is the production of gametes, the cells used in sexual reproduction, and females possess nearly their full complement of partially developed eggs at birth. Males, on the other hand, don't even begin producing sperm until puberty, after which they create tens of millions to billions per day.

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  • Q:

    What happens during the cytokinesis phase of meiosis?

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    Cytokinesis is the final phase of cell division during meiosis, just as it is with mitosis, where the cytoplasm of two daughter cells is separated by a cell membrane or cell wall. In animal cells, this is accomplished by pinching the cell membrane closed with a ring of actin and myosin proteins, the same proteins that are used in muscle contraction. Plants instead build a cell wall between daughter cells.

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