The chemical combination of ammonium chloride and sodium hydroxide results in the formation water, ammonia and sodium chloride. The reaction is represented by the equation NH4Cl + NaOH —> H2O + NaCl + NH3.
In chemistry, a reaction refers to a process that involves the breakdown of old bonds to create new bonds. Chemical bonds are attractive forces that hold elemental atoms together. Conventionally, chemical reactions are expressed using equations where the left side lists the reactants and the right side lists the products. Instead of an equal sign, an arrow pointing to the side of the products is typically used. In the reaction between ammonium chloride and sodium hydroxide, these compounds are the reactants while salt, water and sodium chloride are the products.