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What is the present epoch?

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The epoch as of 2015 is the Holocene epoch, which began approximately 11,500 years ago, following the Pleistocene epoch and the last ice age. The Holocene epoch is part of a time period in the larger Neogene geological time period, which started more than 20 million years ago.

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The Holocene epoch, like other geological periods, contains some defining characteristics. This epoch includes the advancement of human civilization and its written history. Additionally, the Holocene has a warmer climate than past geological periods, primarily due to glacial retreat. This glacial retreat also created the defining landscapes on the planet and helped form distinct geological and geographical boundaries.

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