A doctor gives an anesthetic and manipulates the hip into the correct position, states the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. A hip dislocation is a medical emergency, and only a qualified medical professional should treat the injury. A person with a dislocated hip should not be moved until medical help arrives.
In some cases of hip dislocation, the injury must be treated with surgery, explains the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. This occurs when small bits of bone or tissue damaged during dislocation are left in the socket, not allowing the hip to go back into place. The damaged tissue and bone must be removed surgically. Some complications that may result from hip dislocation are damage to the sciatic nerve; tearing of blood vessels and nerves leading to the hip bone; and damage to cartilage. When blood vessels and nerves are damaged, this can lead to bone death. Damage to cartilage can lead to arthritis.
In 90 percent of hip dislocations, the thighbone is pushed backward, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. When the hip dislocates, the ligaments, muscles and sometimes the nerves are also injured. It can take up to 12 weeks for the hip to heal after dislocation. A person with a dislocated hip is unable to move the leg and may also have no feeling in his feet or toes.