Pomology is a branch of horticulture that focuses on the cultivation of edible fruit and nut crops, especially tree-grown crops. A specialist in pomology is known as a pomologist. The word originates from the Latin word "pomum," meaning "apple or fruit," and the suffix "-ology," meaning "science or study."Continue Reading
Horticulture is divided into the study and cultivation of edible plants and ornamental plants. Edible plant cultivation is divided into pomology (fruits and nuts) and olericulture (vegetables and herbs). Edible mushrooms are in a separate category, as they are fungi and not plants. The study of edible and inedible mushrooms is called mycology. Ornamental horticulture is divided into floriculture (flowers and small plants) and landscape horticulture (grass, trees, shrubs and vines).
It may seem confusing to group fruits and nuts together, but from a botanical point of view, nuts are considered a kind of fruit, defined by Encyclopedia Britannica as "the fleshy or dry ripened ovary that surrounds the seed of a plant." As well as focusing on the science and practice of growing fruits and nuts, pomologists are concerned with the development of new fruit and nut varieties.
The American Pomological Society is the oldest pomology organization in North America, and was established in 1848.Learn more about Botany
To identify different types of chestnuts, examine the husk or pod the nut comes in as well as the color and tassel of the seed itself. The leaves of the chestnut tree and presence of burs and acorns also help to identify types of chestnuts.Full Answer >
A buckeye nut is a nut-like seed from a buckeye tree. The nuts are typically ¾ inch to 1 inch in diameter and are poisonous to humans and livestock.Full Answer >
Common plants during the Cenozoic Era included moss, grass and flowering plants, as well as edible crops late in the period when humans began to learn how to grow their own food. Plant life began to flourish during the Cenozoic Era, and nearly every plant living today has some sort of tie to this period in time.Full Answer >
Genetically modified crops include a wide variety of foods: plums, soybeans, canola oil and vegetables such as corn, sugar beets and zucchini. Papaya is another fruit that is genetically modified, which is the result of crop devastation due to a fungus in the 1990s. As of 2013, approximately 77 percent of all papayas grown in Hawaii are genetically modified.Full Answer >