Plants require water and nutrients to live. Most plants also require light, temperature, space, time, healthy soil and clean air. Plants perform chemical and physical processes similar to other living organisms that allow them to sustain life.Continue Reading
Plants use a process called photosynthesis to create their own food. This process requires sunlight and a cell pigment called chlorophyll, which gives plants their green hue. A lack of adequate sunlight often causes plants to produce less fruits or flowers, and it can weaken the plant. Poor air quality can also prevent photosynthesis, as plants need to be able to take in carbon dioxide from the air to complete the photosynthesis process.
Plants require healthy soil in order to receive nutrients that are necessary for survival. The soil also keeps the plant firmly grounded. Providing fertilizer helps to keep plants healthy by providing additional nutrients not found in the soil. Nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium are the most essential nutrients required by the majority of plants.
Plants are affected by temperatures, and many plants die if subjected to extreme cold or hot temperatures. Plants require ample space to grow and live. If they are confined, plants are often subject to diseases due to a lack of proper airflow.Learn more about Botany
The two main functions of roots are to deliver water and nutrients to the plant or tree and provide an anchor that keeps the plant or tree in the soil. Roots are generally the first part of any plant that emerges during germination.Full Answer >
A vacuole contains a fluid-filled sac that stores salts, water, minerals, nutrients, pigments and proteins within a membrane barrier called a tonoplast. Vacuoles can also contain waste products that make a plant taste bitter to animals.Full Answer >
Plants get their nutrients from the air, water and soil. Non-mineral nutrients, such as hydrogen, oxygen and carbon, are obtained from the air and water. There are 13 mineral nutrients important to plant growth that come from the soil.Full Answer >
A nonvascular plant is a bryophyte that does not have vascular tissue for the transport of water and other nutrients. The three types of bryophytes are mosses, liverworts and hornworts. These bryophytes do not have xylem and phloem, which are the transport tissues for nutrients.Full Answer >