What Plants Live on Mountains?

Some plants that live on mountains include chaparral, red moss, quillwort, prickly pear cactus and quaking aspen tree. Other varieties of plants include juniper, mapledotted blazing star, dogwood, golden currant and Colorado blue columbine.

The plants that grow on specific mountain ranges depend largely on the climate of those mountains. For instance, the San Bernardino Mountains have a Mediterranean climate and contain lush plant life, including chaparral, scrub oak, wild lilac, manzanitas and yucca plants. The more sheltered parts of the mountains contain live oak, elderberry and white alder. The rims of the mountains contain several different kinds of pine trees. However, the other side of the San Bernardino Mountains has a much dryer climate and contains pinion pines and Joshua trees.

The Rocky Mountains contain Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain maple, dotted blazing star, red osier dogwood and heartleaf arnica. Both the dotted blazing star and the heartleaf arnica are flowering plants that produce lavender and yellow flowers.

Stone Mountain in Georgia contains abundant amounts of red moss and sandwort. These plants thrive in the shallow, stony crevices of the rocks. Both quillwort and poolsprite are rare plants that grow inside the pools found on top of the mountain.