The pituitary gland is a small structure that is located at the base of the posterior brain. It is directly below the hypothalamus and is attached to the hypothalamus by nerve fibers.
The pituitary gland is an organ that is part of the endocrine system. It produces its own hormones and stores other types of hormones that control other gland systems throughout the body. The hormones found in the pituitary gland also control many bodily functions. The pituitary gland is divided into the anterior pituitary, the intermediate pituitary and the posterior pituitary. Each section of the pituitary produces its own specific hormones.