A phosphate group is also called a phosphate and delivers the phosphate to ATP, AMP and AdP. As proteins go through the phosphorylation process, it becomes a covalently attached phosphate group. All of the phosophodiester linkages that join nucleotides together in polynucleic acids are phosophate groups as well. In general terms, if you see the letter "P" in a biomolecule, it means that it is a phosphate group.Continue Reading
Phosphate serves a useful function within animal cells, buffering substances that can possibly enter the cells and cause problems. Phosphate cells like NaH2PO4 and Na2HPO4 commonly go into buffering solutions for the pH levels inside cells, just like potassium salts.
Within biological systems, one of the most important places where phosphates appear is the structural element inside teeth and bones. Both of these are made of calcium phosphate in a crystalline shape, taking on the form of hydroxyapatite. The tough enamel that exists on mammalian teeth is made of fluoroapatite, which is a phosphate made of hydroxy calcium, in which fluoride ions have replaced some of the hydroxyl groups.
Plants bring in phosphorus through a number of pathways, such as the direct uptake and arbuscular mycorrhizal pathways. In the mineral realm, phosphates are the most frequently found form of phosphorus.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, is the molecule that can be considered to perform the work of life. It is necessary in many cellular and biological processes, including motility, cell division and biosynthetic reactions.Full Answer >
The full name of the chemical formula Pb3(PO4)2 is lead (II) phosphate. Other names include lead othorphosphate, trilead phosphate and lead (2+) phosphate. It is a white powder that is prepared by reacting lead (II) acetate with sodium orthophosphate.Full Answer >
Chromium(VI) phosphate has the chemical formula Cr(PO4)2 because it contains one chromium ion bonded to two phosphate ions. The phosphate ions each have a charge of negative 3, while the chromium ion has a charge of positive 6.Full Answer >
The chemical formula for sodium dihydrogen phosphate is NaH2PO4. Sodium dihydrogen phosphate is also known as monosodium phosphate and sodium phosphate. NaH2PO4 is the anhydrous form, which means it does not contain water.Full Answer >