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What is percent ionization?

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The percent ionization is the amount or percentage of a weak acid that exists as ions in a particular concentration. Strong acids and bases isolate altogether into ions in a solution, while weak acids and bases do not.

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Percent ionization has important applications in chemistry. Drug absorption rates can be calculated and appropriate doses can be given according to ionization. The ionization rate also affects how a drug should be given and if a dosage affects the fetus of a pregnant woman. Non-ionized lipids are well-absorbed through cell membranes, while ionized or water-soluble medication is poorly absorbed via oral ingestion.

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