The parts of a hurricane are called the eye, the eye wall and the rain bands. The eye is at the center of the hurricane and usually measures between 20 to 40 miles. The eye wall surrounds the eye, stretching 5 to 30 miles in width. The rain bands form the spiraling portion of the hurricane and can be dozens or hundreds of miles wide.Continue Reading
The strongest winds and rains occur in the eye wall of a hurricane, while the weakest winds and lightest rainfall occur in the eye. The eye of the hurricane may not contain clouds, and the sky can appear clear and peaceful.
In counter-clockwise moving hurricanes formed in the northern hemisphere, the most active part of the eye wall is to the right of the eye in an area called the right-front quadrant. In addition to having heavier wind and rain, this quadrant is the most likely part to form high seas and storm surges during landfall. When the eye wall contracts, the maximum wind speed increases and a new eye wall can form. As the rain bands spiral out, they form a pinwheel shape. Between the pinwheels, the air may be calm with little wind and rain.Learn more about Storms
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a hurricane is an organized thunderstorm that occurs over water and has sustained winds that reach maximum speeds over 74 miles per hour. These storms originate over the Atlantic Basin, which includes the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. When they reach land, they often cause structural damage and flooding.Full Answer >
Hurricanes form when rising warm, moist air displaces colder air high in the atmosphere. The cold air drops down on all sides of the warm spot, swirling slightly as it falls, then becomes warm and moist itself, repeating the process. Over time, the swirling grows into a hurricane.Full Answer >
The Great Hurricane of 1780 killed approximately 22,000 people when it struck several Caribbean islands, making it the worst on record. Although records from the time are poor, it is believed to have first made landfall on October 10 in Barbados before tearing through other islands in the eastern Caribbean.Full Answer >
A hurricane is a tropical cyclone with sustained winds reaching speeds of at least 74 miles per hour, according to The Weather Channel. Hurricanes are classified on a scale of 1 to 5 using the scale Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale.Full Answer >