Parts of the human leg are bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves and blood vessels. The bones of the leg, from top to bottom, are the femur, a long bone with a ball-shaped head that fits into the socket of the hip bone. The lower end of the femur lies above the patella, which lies behind the knee.Continue Reading
Beneath the patella is the tibia, another long bone. The fibula, a long, slender bone on the outside of the tibia, is connected at the top to the tibia and at the bottom to the ankle at the lateral malleolus.
The bones in the feet are divided into the tarsal bones in the back, the metatarsal bones in the middle and the phalanges up front. Some of the muscles that support the leg are the rectus femoris and the adductor and vastus muscles in the thigh area. Muscles in the lower leg include the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and the peroneus longus and brevis muscles.
Nerves that serve the legs include the saphenous nerves, the sciatic nerve, the tibial nerves and the peroneal nerves. Parts of the circulatory system that serve the leg are the tibial, saphenous, femoral and iliac veins and the popliteal, fibular, tibial and iliac arteries.Learn more about Human Anatomy
Muscles and bones work together in tandem meaning that the muscles attach to tendons and ligaments and the tendons and ligaments attach to bones. The muscles pull the bones, causing movement. The movements that the muscles make are ultimately controlled by the brain and nervous system.Full Answer >
An orthopaedic doctor is one who specializes in the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, ligaments, nerves, tendons and muscles, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Orthopaedic doctors are often surgeons. Some may specialize in a certain area of the body, such as the hip or spine.Full Answer >
Dogs' legs are comprised of bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons. The anatomy of a dog's hind leg and foreleg differs just as a human arm and leg differ, according to For Dummies.Full Answer >
As one of many antioxidants, vitamin C reduces free radicals, the damaging chemicals responsible for aging, while it also has a primary role in building and repairing tissues, such as skin, blood vessels, tendons and ligaments, bones, teeth and cartilage, according to PubMed Health. Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin required for cell repair and growth throughout the body.Full Answer >