What Are the Parts of the Human Brain?


Quick Answer

There are three main parts of the human brain: the forebrain, the hindbrain and the midbrain, according to Serendip Studio from Bryn Mawr College. Each part is composed of smaller sections, with the forebrain consisiting of the cerebral cortex, cerebrum, neocortex and limbic system; the hindbrain composed of the cerebellum, pons and medulla; and the midbrain composed of the tectum and tegmentum. When combined with the medulla and the pons, the midbrain is also known as the brainstem.

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Full Answer

The forebrain is in charge of movement, sensory processing, learning, memory and language, states the Serendip Studio. The limbic system, consisting of the hypothalamus, thalamus, amygdala and hippocampus, is located in the cerebrum, and it primarily has control over emotions. The neocortex is composed of the frontal lobe, which is essential for reasoning; the parietal lobe, which is associated with movement; the occipital lobe, which is affiliated with visual processing; and the temporal lobe, which is essential for perception and auditory stimuli, memory and speech recognition.

The primary function of the midbrain is to control vision, hearing, eye movement and motor control, notes Serendip Studio. The primary function of the hindbrain is to monitor and control body movements and to maintain homeostasis. The brainstem controls basic vital life functions such as breathing and blood pressure, and is considered the simplest part of the brain.

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