The human female anatomy features mammary glands, ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes and vagina. Other parts of the female anatomy include the cervix, Bartholin’s glands, fimbriae and Skene’s glands. The vulva, or the external female genitalia, includes the hymen, labia majora, labia minora and clitoris.
The ovaries are the female reproductive organs that produce and store egg cells as well as secrete female sex hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone. The egg cells mature by the time of onset of the puberty. The ovary releases one egg cell into the fallopian tube during each reproductive cycle, which lasts about 28 days. A mature egg fertilizes with a sperm inside the fallopian tube to form a zygote that undergoes cell division to produce an embryo. The embryo passes into the uterus and implants into the uterine wall.
The uterus is a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ that carries and nourishes the developing embryo. The cervix is the narrow, lower part of the uterus that leads to the vagina. The labia majora and labia minora are folds of skin that surround the vaginal and urethral openings.
The female breasts contain mammary glands, milk ducts and adipose tissue. The mammary glands produce milk after childbirth that reaches the nipple through the milk ducts.