Otorhinolaryngology is a medical and surgical specialty that treats disorders of the ears, nose, throat and related structures of the head and neck, explains MedicineNet. These areas receive treatment in a single specialty because of their shared anatomy and similar mucous membranes, notes EverydayHealth.
Otorhinolaryngology, also known as ENT, is the oldest medical specialty in the United States, according to MedicineNet. Specialists in this field practice as general ENT specialists or further specialize in pediatric ENT, facial and reconstructive surgery, head and neck surgery, laryngology, or rhinology.
Issues treated by otorhinolaryngologists range from common ear infections, sinusitis and tonsillitis to more serious conditions, such as head and neck tumors, notes Advanced ENT and Allergy.