The part of the plant cell that gives the plant its green color is an organelle called the chloroplast. Inside the chloroplast there are pigment molecules called chlorophyll, which is the substance that gives plants their green color.Continue Reading
Within the chloroplasts, the chlorophyll molecules lie on membranes of stacked disks called thylakoids. Chlorophyll captures light energy from the sun which plant cells use to power the process of photosynthesis, which is the making of glucose from carbon dioxide and water.
Although cells in the stem and immature fruit also contain chloroplasts, the majority of chloroplasts are housed in the cells on the surface of the leaves where much of the photosynthesis takes place. The cells on the surface of leaves contain about half a million chloroplasts per square millimeter; therefore, leaves tend to appear greener than the rest of the plant.Learn more about Cells
During the last part of telophase in a plant cell, a cell plate begins to form between the two cell membranes. The cell plate develops into a cell wall, which divides the two daughter cells.Full Answer >
The energy-converting organelle found in plant and algae cells is called the chloroplast. Only some plants and algae have chloroplasts.Full Answer >
The organelle that manages cell functions in a eukaryotic cell is the nucleus. Most eukaryotic cells have a single nucleus; however, some organisms may have several nuclei per cell.Full Answer >
The vacuolar membrane is a flexible membrane that encloses the vacuolar, a fluid-filled organelle within plant cells. This sacs are large organelles that are noted to take up 30 to 90 percent of the total cell volume, and they have several functions within the cell, including storing fluid.Full Answer >