The infundibulum connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus at the base of the brain, according to Endocrine Web. The hormones in the pituitary gland are responsible for certain endocrine functions.
The pituitary gland, known also as the hypophysis, is part of the endocrine system. It consists of two globes:
- Anterior pituitary
- Posterior pituitary
The anterior pituitary is responsible for production of a variety of hormones, including reproductive and thyroid. It also produces growth and pain-inhibiting hormones. The posterior pituitary does not produced hormones, but is responsible for releasing certain hormones into the body.
The posterior pituitary releases oxytocin, a hormone that supports mammary function and lactation, and vassopressin, which supports kidney function. The pituitary operates in conjunction with the hypothalamus, which sits at the base of the brain. The two are connected via the pituitary stalk, known as the infundibulum.