The temporal lobe controls hearing. The temporal is located below the lateral fissure on both hemispheres of the brain.
The temporal lobes do not only process hearing, but also visual memories, storing new memories and deriving memories. The temporal lobe is involved in primary audio reception as whole, but specific areas like the superior, posterior and lateral sections of the lobe are used for high-level auditory processing. Damage to this area of the brain can cause issues with hearing and word processing along with effects on memories and visual cues. Damage to the left side of the temporal lobe can result in savants syndrome where they show abilities far above normal in certain areas like art while their IQ may not match the abilities shown.