Osteoporosis, which is a medical condition that causes bones to become weak and fracture, affects the skeleton. Although osteoporosis can affect both males and females, the risk of developing this disease is higher for women, notes Mayo Clinic. Other risk factors are age, genetics, smoking and race.
Osteoporosis occurs when not enough new bone is manufactured by the body as old bone is removed. This causes bones to become fragile, brittle and more susceptible to fractures after a fall. Although there may be no symptoms in the early stages of osteoporosis, later stages include height loss, back pain and a hunched posture, states the U.S. National Library of Medicine's MedlinePlus. Treatment options include the use of vitamin D, calcium supplementation and prescribed medicines, such as bisphosphonates.