Q:

How do organisms respond to their environment?

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Quick Answer

Organisms often respond to their environment through adaptation. Organisms that make an adjustment to environmental conditions in their own lifetime make physiological adaptation. If the adaptation takes place over several generations, the trait is an evolutionary adaptation. According to Reference.com, the ability to make adaptations is a fundamental property of life.

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Full Answer

The lack of other available food is likely to have played a role in the development of the multichambered stomach of deer and cattle. These chambers allow such animals to digest a diet high in cellulose, which is indigestible to man. Such adaptation is important in the survival of animals due to environmental stresses.

Plants develop many different ways to disperse their seeds and ensure their survival. Some conifers bear protected seeds that only sprout once exposed to the heat of a forest fire. Weeds disperse seeds that cling to clothing or the fur of animals. Some urban weeds are adapting by stopping seed dispersal, giving their seed the same advantage in the crack of concrete as the parent, rather than scattering over a concrete jungle with few places for the seed to thrive. The rural counterpart of the same plant continues using normal seed dispersal methods, according to The Discovery Channel.

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