Organic compounds are a class of complex molecules that are characterized by their use of carbon as a molecular backbone. Carbon is able to bond with up to four other atoms, which makes it ideal for building up the complicated molecules typical of organic chemistry.Know More
All organic compounds make use of carbon in some way, but not all carbon-based molecules are regarded as organic. Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, for example, are relatively simple and are usually regarded as outside of the organic group despite their use of carbon.
Apart from their complexity, organic compounds are of interest because of their role in the chemistry of life on Earth. All living things are built from organic compounds, and every known biological process depends on their reactions. Organic compounds also play a big role in the world's energy economy. Much of the world's energy is derived from the controlled burning of organic compounds, known as hydrocarbons, to generate electricity and power vehicles. Hydrocarbons are also used to produce synthetic materials such as plastic.
Some organic compounds occur naturally and can be extracted from their source in an almost pure form. Rubber is an example of a naturally occurring organic compound. Other compounds are considered synthetic and have to be built up from other molecules, such as most polymers.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
Each fat molecule is composed of one glycerol and three fatty acid molecules. These molecules are also known as lipids, and while they can provide essential nutrients, over-consumption of lipids can have adverse effects on a person's health, notes the University of Massachusetts.Full Answer >
The four types of macromolecules, or very large molecules, are nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates. All are biological polymers, except for lipids that, according to the University of New Mexico, are not considered to be made of monomers and thus are not polymers. Carbon is integral to all these types of molecules, with hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorous and oxygen also playing a role in several of them.Full Answer >
Iodine is known as an indicator because it changes color in the presence of starch and several other molecules. Iodine can also be used to track iodide and iodine in its elemental form.Full Answer >
The concept map of organic compounds is a teaching aid that helps students understand the relationships between different types of organic molecules used in biology. The map is organized as a flow chart, with a top layer consisting of proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and lipids.Full Answer >