Omnivores of the tropical dry forest include numerous bird species, such as the white-throated magpie jay of Central America, as well as many different lizards and turtles. For example, the spiny-tailed iguana of Mexico and Central America subsists on both insects and fruit, while Mexican box turtles eat a variety of foods, including slugs, worms and berries.
Most omnivores have broad diets as a strategy that allows them to find more food. For instance, the Mexican box turtle usually lives near bodies of water to benefit from a wide variety of food sources. Many omnivores of tropical dry forests also inhabit other areas. For example, in addition to dry tropical forests, spiny-tailed iguanas live in rainforests, suburban areas and rock outcroppings. Many lemurs, which are endemic to Madagascar’s dry forests, are omnivores that consume leaves, fruits and insects.
Dry forests are found in both tropical and subtropical latitudes. Unlike wet tropical forests, often called rainforests, many of the plants in dry forests are deciduous. Since their leaves drop during the dry season, deciduous plants avoid desiccation.
Because most tropical dry forests have fewer trees than rainforests, there is more space for animals to walk between the trees. Accordingly, the mammals that inhabit tropical dry forests are often bigger than their rainforest-dwelling relatives.