The element carbon contains six protons in its atomic structure. Carbon has six neutrons that exist with the protons, found in the nucleus of each atom of carbon.Continue Reading
The atomic symbol for carbon is C. The element has an atomic number of 6. The element contains six electrons in the outer shells of the atom. The name "carbon" originates from the Latin word "carbo," which means coal or charcoal.
Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe. The element is the second most commonly found element in the human body; the most common element in the human body is oxygen.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The electron dot structure for a compound with the formula CHClO would consist of carbon as the central atom bonded to hydrogen, chloride and oxygen. There are two lone pairs of electrons on oxygen and three lone pairs of electrons on chloride that do not share bonds with other atoms.Full Answer >
In every instance where an unstable isotope undergoes radioactive decay, one or more atoms with a different number of protons than the decaying atom are created. According to the Purdue University College of Science Chemical Education Division Group, this takes a variety of forms, from alpha decay where a helium nucleus is released, to beta decay where an electron or positron is emitted, or an electron is absorbed.Full Answer >
The atomic radius of an atom is determined by the total number of electrons, electron shells and protons in an atom. Protons are located in the nucleus of an atom and create an effective nuclear charge. Electrons within a shell are attracted to the nuclear charge and vary accordingly.Full Answer >
The number of protons an atom has depends on what element it is. A hydrogen atom, for example, only has one proton. A nitrogen atom has 7 protons, an atom of antimony has 51 protons and an atom of radium has 88 protons.Full Answer >