According to Purdue University, nucleotides are used to construct nucleic acids, including DNA, tRNA, rRNA and mRNA. Nucleic acids are long polymers of nucleotides that store and transfer information and regulate processes within the cells of all life forms on Earth.Continue Reading
Three units comprise each nucleotide: a sugar, an amine and a phosphate. A nucleic acid polymer is formed when the phosphate and sugar components of adjacent nucleotides bind together to form the backbone of the polymer.
Nucleic acids are:
DNA stores the genetic material of an organism. The sequence of nucleotides along the DNA strands controls the sequence of amino acids added to the proteins as they are synthesized and plays a role in regulating which proteins are produced.
Several types of RNA transfer information within the cell and help regulate cellular processes.
Free-form amino acids do not contain peptide bonds as they are the monomer building blocks of proteins. As explained by Dr. John W. Kimball, peptide bonds form between two amino acids, creating long polypeptide chains. Proteins are composed of one or more of these polypeptide chains.Full Answer >
The basic building blocks of protein are amino acids, organic compounds that contain the chemical subunits known as an amino group and a carboxyl group. To form proteins, amino acids bond to one another with a special chemical bond known as a peptide bond.Full Answer >
Amino acids are organic compounds that are the building blocks from which proteins are made. They are common to all living things, but they are not a part of lipids or carbohydrates, and they are not found in inorganic materials such as minerals, water, air and metal.Full Answer >
The enzyme that separates the two strands of nucleotides in DNA is helicase. Enzymes are protein molecules that speed up chemical reactions.Full Answer >