DNA and RNA are nucleic acid polymers. Nucleic acid is a macromolecule that serves as the binding for these two genetic substances. It is a staple of all organic life.
Nucleic acid is the binding used in the generation of genetic material. It is found in both deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid, the two substances used for creating life and forming new cells. This material helps transfer, maintain and recreate DNA and RNA so as to encourage ongoing health and sustainability in living beings.
Nucleic acid polymers are identified along the chain by the acidic character of each group. Cytosine, guanine and adenine are present in both RNA and DNA. Uracil is only present in RNA and is switched with thymine. The sugar present in these chains dictate its identity. A DNA molecule contains deoxyribose, while RNA is made with ribose.
These acids range in size from small polymers to large chromosomes depending on what these structures are responsible for doing. Nucleic acids are formed from a complex series of sugars and phosphates, making it easy for other particles to bond with the available receptor sights. Carbons in the chain also assist with creating more connectivity and stability in pairings.