What Is NMR Splitting?


Quick Answer

NMR splitting shows the number of hydrogen atoms that are present in a compound in a unique hydrogen area. Each peak on an NMR correlates with a unique hydrogen in an organic compound. The peaks may split depending on the number of hydrogen atoms there are in the compound.

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Full Answer

NMR stands for "nuclear magnetic resonance." It is a type of spectroscopy that analyzes the number of hydrogen atoms in a certain compound. NMR can only be utilized in organic compounds. The hydrogen atoms present in the compound appear either downfield of upfield depending on what other atoms are surrounding the unique hydrogen atoms in the compound. For example, hydrogen atoms that are connected to aromatic rings appear more downfield than hydrogen atoms connected to carboxylic carbons due to shielding from the other atoms in the compounds.

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